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Monday, May 23, 2011

The solved assignment is written for – “write a note on classical era for evolution of Organization behaviour” question. It is the solved assignment for Management Process and Organization Behavior (MB0038) SMU MBA. You can see factors influencing perception assignment also in this category.

Classical conditioning is one of the simplest forms of learning, yet it has a powerful effect on our attitudes, likes and dislikes, and emotional responses. We have all learned to respond in specific ways to a variety of words and symbols. Our lives are profoundly influenced by associations we learn through classical conditioning.

Ivan Pavlov’s research on the conditioned reflex in dogs revealed much of what we know about the principles of classical conditioning.

Classical conditioning is modifying behavior so that a conditioned stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus and elicits an unconditioned behavior. Ian Pavlov, a Russian psychologist developed classical conditioning theory based on his experiments to teach a dog to salivate in response to the ringing of a bell. When Pavlov presented meat to the dog, he noticed a great deal of salvation. But, when merely bell was rung, no salivation was noticed in the dog. What Pavlov did next was to link the meat and the ringing of the bell.

Classical conditioning introduces a simple cause-and-effect relationship between one stimulus and response. It also makes the response reflective or involuntary after the stimulus-response relationship has been established.

This leaves no ground for making choices, which factor differentiates human beings from dogs. Under certain situations, classical conditioning does explain human behavior. For example, if a student is always reprimanded by his Principle when he is summoned to the principal’s office, he may become nervous whenever asked to come to the principal’s office because of this association.

Classical conditioning has real limitation in its acceptability to human behavior in organizations. An alternate approach to classical conditioning was proposed by B.F Skinner, known as Operant Conditioning, in order to explain the more complex behavior of human, especially in an organizational setting.


shafeeqahsan said...

This answer is not correct. The question is about classical era of organizational behavior, but he answered for classical conditioning theory of Ivan Pavlov. Both are extremely different.

Classical era evolution of organizational behavior consist of the theories of Frederick Taylor, Henry Fayol, Max weber, Maryparker Follet and Chester Barnard.

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