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Saturday, October 29, 2011

There is the solved assignment of “Suggest few measures to improve employee morale.” The assignment is solved for SMU MBA of MB0043 (Human Resource Management). You can read other assignments also - individual evaluation methods of performance appraisal and wage and salary administration policies in India.

There are a number of measures which can be used to control the warning signals of low morale. The following are the positive measures to be taken to bring job satisfaction to the employees and reconcile individual interests with the interests of the organization.

  1. Creation of whole jobs
  2. Job enrichment
  3. Building responsibility into a job
  4. Modifying the work environment
  5. Flexing working hours
  6. Job sharing
  7. Rotation of jobs
  8. Profit sharing

Morale can also be improved by adapting several other measures such as employee contest, special recognition and awards to long service employees, film shows to employees during their lunch hour, free coffee during rest pauses, and training the supervisors in how to handle people.

Under this method, complete jobs are assigned to the workers. The complexity of a job should be increased so that it may appeal to their higher needs.

Job enrichment tries to deal with dissatisfaction by increasing job depth. Under this, individual employees may be given responsibility for setting their own work pace, for concerning their own errors, and/or for deciding on the best way to perform a particular task.

Flex time permits employees to arrange their work hours to suit their personal needs and life-styles. This is particularly suited to situations with fluctuating workloads. Flex time employees are responsible for co-coordinating their factions with other employees and thereby have more responsibility and autonomy.

Morale can be improved by effective profit-sharing schemes. In addition to its economic aspects, profit-sharing has also psychological aspects relating to friendly move by the management in providing the workers an opportunity to participate in the profits.

Tuesday, October 25, 2011

It is the solved assignment of “Explain Wage Administration policy. What are the ways by which wages and salaries are managed in India?” This is the solved assignment of SMU MBA for MB0043 (Human Resource Management). You can look into these also - techniques and methods in selecting employees and individual evaluation methods of performance appraisal.

The basic purpose of wage and salary administration is to establish and maintain an equitable wage and salary structure. Its secondary objective is the establishment and maintenance of an equitable labour-cost structure i.e., an optimal balancing of conflicting personnel interests so that the satisfaction of employees and employers is maximized is concerned with the financial aspects of needs, motivation and rewards.

The term wage is commonly used for those employees whose pay is calculated according to the number of hours worked. Thus, the weekly pay check will fluctuate as the number of hours actually worked varies. The word salary applies to compensation that is uniform from one period to the next and does not depend upon the number of hours worked.

Salaried often implies a status distinction, because those who are on salary are generally white-collar, administrative, professional, and executive employees, whereas wage-earners are designated as hourly, non-supervisory, or blue-collar. Wage-earners in some organizations do receive full wage if they are absent for such reasons as sickness, whereas salaried employees, especially at the lower levels, often receive overtime pay when they work over the standard work week.

A job is defined as the collection or aggregation of tasks, duties, and responsibilities that, as a whole, is regarded as the reasonable assignment to an individual employee. A job may include many positions, for a position is a job performed by an individual and hence related to a particular employee. Thus, an employee as his position, but many positions may involve the same assignment of duties and constitute a single job. The job impersonal; the position is personal.

Thursday, October 20, 2011

There is the solved assignment of “discuss Individual evaluation methods used for performance appraisal.” The assignment has been solved for SMU MBA of MB0043 (Human Resource Management). You can read other assignments also - stocks and ratios and techniques and methods in selecting employees also.

You can evaluate an employee individually in five ways. These ways can be categorized into:

Graphic Rating Scale:

The most widely used performance evaluation technique is a graphic rating scale. In this technique, the evaluator is presented with a graph and asked to rate employees on each of the characteristics listed. The ratings can be in a series of boxes, or they can be a continuous scale (0-9) or so. In the latter case, the evaluator places a check above descriptive words ranging from none to maximum.

Forced Choice:

The forced-choice method of evaluation was developed because other methods used at the time led to a preponderance of higher ratings, which made promotion decisions difficult. In forced choice, the evaluator must choose from a set of descriptive statements about the employee.

Essay Evaluation:

In the essay technique of evaluation, the evaluator is asked to describe the strong and weak aspects of the employee’s behavior. In some enterprises, the essay technique is the only one used; in others, the essay is combined with another form, such as a graphic rating scale. In this case, the essay summarizes the scale, elaborates on some of the ratings, or discusses added dimensions not on the scale.

Management by Objectives:

Another individual evaluation method in use today is Management by Objectives (MBO). In this system, the supervisor and employee to be evaluated jointly set objectives in advance for the employee to try to achieve during a specific period.

Checklists and Weighted Checklists:

Another type of individual evaluation method is the checklist. In its simplest form, the checklist is a set of objectives or descriptive statements. If the Rater believes that the employee possesses a trait listed, the Rater checks the items; if not, the Rater leaves it blank. A rating score from the checklist equals the number of checks.

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