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Friday, August 26, 2011

“Define Equilibrium and Disequilibrium.” It is the solved question of MB0042 (Managerial Economics) for SMU MBA assignment. You can take a look of some other solved assignments for MB0042 - Law of Variable Proportion, Elasticity of Demand and Pricing Policies and Objective of Pricing Policy.

Equilibrium is defined in economics as the position of rest or a state of balance or a state where there is no change required in a period of time. Equilibrium is absence of disequilibrium. Economics deals with variables, whose value changes over a period of time.

This concept of equilibrium is used in managerial economics also. Therefore, you, as management students, must understand this concept. Let us take an example of demand and supply analysis. This point where demand and supply intersect each other is the point where price settles down. This is the equilibrium price.

Whenever there is a change in demand and supply forces, this equilibrium is disturbed. But this equilibrium is restored again by interplay of demand and supply factors. There are two types of equilibriums, partial and general equilibriums. The above example is for partial equilibrium; where, it is assumed that everything in the economy is constant.

General equilibrium means equilibrium in all market and sectors. It assumes that everything depends upon everything. It emphasizes on the interdependence between different markets and sectors of economy.

Market Equilibrium is the point where the demand and supply curve intersect each other and the demand is equal to supply. If this equilibrium is disturbed, the price increases above the equilibrium. The supply will be more than the demand and this surplus and this surplus created between the sellers, drives the price down. Whereas, if the price is above the equilibrium price, there is shortage and the competition among the buyers drives the price up to the equilibrium price. The increase in the demand increases both the equilibrium quantity and equilibrium price.


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