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Friday, September 16, 2011

“Trace the phases of evolution of human resource management.” It is the solved assignment of MB0043 (Human Resource Management) for SMU MBA. You can take a look of stocks and ratios also.

Kautilya provides a systematic treatment of management of human resources as early as 4th century B.C. in his treatise titled “Artha-Shastra”.

In course of time, the guild system was followed by co-operative sector consisting of craftsmen and traders, and purporting to promote their professional interests. Indeed, numerous professional societies were formed on these lines with their own systematic procedures and policies to nature their own interests.

The concept of “Varnashram” or caste system was originally based on these principles. The individuals who used to earn their livelihood by engaging themselves in activities such as teaching, sacrifice or state management were designated as Brahmins while those specializing in fighting were termed as Kshatriyas.

As regards Indian economy in Mediaeval India, although there was a lull because of numerous foreign aggressions for around 700 years, during the Mughal rules, the trade and commerce were revived.

Accordingly, the workers were entirely helpless in the face of the organized and powerful European planters. Explicitly, during post-independence period, the activities of Personnel Department in different public and private sectors have multiplied. According to the provisions of section 49 of the Factories Act, 1948, it became obligatory for the employers to employ a Welfare Officer in factory employing 500 or more workers.

Management of human resources is being regarded as specialized profession such as that of medicine and law. In addition to the industrial relations functions the Personnel Department is responsible for other varied functions including employment, safety, training, wage and salary administration and research and development.

However, personnel counselling has been largely neglected in most of Indian enterprises. This gives rise to several grievances and lowers the efficiency of the workers.


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